The courses of Engineering Geology are designed to teach the basic principles and methods of geology, based on their application to engineering projects. The content of the course is properly adjusted so that the future engineer obtain the necessary knowledge that will allow him to interpret, evaluate, and adjust appropriately the results of a geological study, in order to provide a safe and economical construction and operation of a technical work. The course provides a brief, comprehensive and thorough general knowledge of geology and earth sciences, entering first-year students to the fascinating world of geology and describing the basic functions of the living planet. The courses are paying close attention to the examples from the Greek region, since our country is a real natural geological laboratory in feverish function and simultaneously, a great natural geological museum with worldwide reputation. This course is divided into four sections: The first addresses the structure of the earth and more particularly of its external and internal zones, and the characteristics of its crust, mantle and core. The second part deals with the structure and composition of geological formations. Specifically refers to research methods, properties and classification of minerals, as well as the formation, classification and main properties of rocks. The third refers to changes in geological formations due to endogenous processes, with emphasis on the tectonic movements of the earth’s crust. Specifically refers to plate tectonics, the orogenic processes and their results such as the earthquakes, the faults and the folds. Also describes and discusses the effects and impacts of active tectonics both in the environment and in technical constructions and ways to prevent catastrophic phenomena. Also refers to the geological and tectonic evolution of Greece. The fourth section examines the changes in morphology and in the geological formations due to external processes. More specifically, describes the phenomena of weathering and erosion. Additionally, in each separate section, relevant references are provided and examples are given for the deployment and monitoring of the geotechnical projects as well as the geological hazards prevention measures from both the Greek region and globally.
The aim of the laboratory courses is to familiarize the student to the main tools and methods in the engineering geology In addition, students through the exercises have the opportunity to learn and use geological maps, elaborate geological cross sections and calculate geological parameters, very important to the geotechnical studies.
The exercises focus on general cartography and geological/geotechnical mapping. In this context the students learn to recognize and define the main morphological and geological structures in maps, to distinguish horizontal and inclined geological strata as well as taught the morphological gradient calculation and the actual inclination of the strata. The students also learn to elaborate surveying along geological cross sections and calculate the thickness of the geological beds and the vertical displacement of faults. This course, also involving the major minerals and characteristics of the most common igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks used as a means of foundation engineering as well as their empirical recognition in the field.